Statement of Ethics
and Responsibilities of the Lahore Journal of Business
The Lahore Journal of Business follows a strict code of conduct which is to be
followed by all the parties associated with the publication process, including
the authors, the editors, the editorial board, the peer reviewers, the publisher
and the readers. This code of conduct is derived from the Committee on
Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct guidelines which can be found at
www.publicationethics.org. The principal responsibilities lie with the editors,
the authors and the reviewers and are laid out below:
I. Responsibilities of the Editors
A. Publication Decisions & Accountability
The editors of the Lahore Journal of Business are responsible and accountable
for all decisions regarding the publication of articles. These decisions are
taken in light of the objectives of the journal and the policies and guidelines
of the editorial board. During the publication process, the integrity and the
intellectual and ethical standards of the journal should not be compromised at
any point. The editors should at all times be willing and able to publish
clarifications, corrections, apologies, retractions and negations as needed.
All papers, articles, manuscripts submitted to the Lahore Journal must be
evaluated for original content regardless of the gender, race, orientation,
ethnic origin, religious beliefs, political philosophy, or citizenship of the
The editors and the editorial staff cannot disclose any information regarding a
submitted paper, article or manuscript other than to the corresponding author,
the potential reviewers, the reviewers, the editorial staff, the editorial board
and to the publisher.
D. Full Disclosure, conflicts of interest, and
When considering retracting, issuing corrections or issuing expressions of
concern regarding papers, manuscripts or articles, the editors of the Lahore
Journal of Business will base their decisions on the journal’s publication
guidelines and COPE’s Guidelines for Retracting Articles. None of the
unpublished work and the accompanying information (including data and programs)
can be used by the editors or anyone related to the journal without the explicit
written approval of the author(s). Any ideas, information or knowledge that is
obtained from the review process should be kept confidential and cannot be used
by the editors or the staff for personal or professional benefit. The editors
must ensure that advertising, commercial revenues, or reprints have no impact on
the editorial decisions taken regarding submissions. A fair, transparent and
suitable peer review process must be ensured by the editors. If any conflicts of
interest exist or arise during the review process, the editor(s) must refrain
from handling the relevant manuscripts.
II. Responsibilities of the Author
A. Originality and Plagiarism
The author(s) must ensure that papers, manuscripts, articles that are submitted
to the Lahore Journal of Business are entirely original works, and if the
author(s) have used any work, words or and/or ideas from any other sources the
authors must ensure that this work has been properly cited and/or quoted.
B. Acknowledging of Sources
Complete and proper acknowledgement of the work of others should be given. Any
author(s) whose reported work has been influenced by publications, authors,
ideas should cite these clearly.
C. Authorship of the Paper
The authorship of any submitted manuscripts, paper, and articles must be limited
to those individuals who have made significant contributions to the design,
conception, execution, and/or interpretation of the submitted work. All of those
that significantly contributed to the work submitted to the journal should be
D. Reporting standards
Any original research which is submitted to the Lahore Journal of Business must
present an accurate description of the work undertaken for the paper, and an
objective discussion of the significance of the undertaken work. Any of the
underlying data or facts that have been used in the work should be accurately
and completely represented in the paper. The work should contain sufficient
details of sources and references in order for others to replicate the findings
of the paper. Any fraudulent or inaccurate statements as well as
misrepresentations of the data and/or facts constitute unethical behavior and
E. Data Access and Retention
When submitting original works for consideration, the authors are also required
to provide the raw data which may have been used in connection with the paper
for editorial review. The authors should also be prepared to give public access
to this data, if possible, and should be prepared to retain this data for a
reasonable period of time after publication in the Lahore Journal of Business.
F. Redundant, Multiple or Concurrent Publications
In general, any author should not publish papers, manuscripts, articles that
essentially describe the same research work in more than one primary publication
or journal. The concurrent submission of the same article, manuscript, or paper
to more than one journal will be considered unethical behavior and is not
G. Fundamental errors in publications
If any author finds any significant errors or inaccuracies in his/her own
published work, the author is obliged to immediately inform the journal editors
or publisher and to work with the editors and the publisher to correct or
retract the paper in the form of an erratum.
III. Responsibilities of the Reviewer
A. Contributing to editorial decisions
The review process of the Lahore Journal of Business is a double blind process.
The purpose of the blind peer review is to guide the editor in making editorial
decisions about submitted articles, manuscripts and papers and, potentially
provide guidance to the author(s) in improving the submission.
The editors should be promptly notified if the selected reviewer is unable or
unqualified to review the research stated in the paper, article, or manuscript.
During the review process, strict confidentiality should be maintained at all
times. The unpublished work and the accompanying information (including data and
any other accompanying information) can only be used by the reviewer during the
review process and cannot be shared with others.
D. Standards of objectivity
During the review process, the reviewer must remain objective. The Lahore
Journal of Business will not accept personal criticism of the author(s). All the
comments by the reviewer’s comments and views must be clearly supported by facts
and arguments grounded in academic research.
E. Acknowledgement of Sources
One of the key roles of the reviewer should to identify relevant published
research work that has not been cited in the submitted research. In the reviews,
any observations, derivations, or argument made by the reviewer that have been
previously stated must be accompanied by all of the relevant citations. The
reviewer must also point out any significant overlap and/or similarity between
the manuscript that is being reviewed and any other previously published
research to the editor and the author(s).